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EXMARaLDA / Profile

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EXMARaLDA is an acronym of “Extensible Markup Language for Discourse Annotation”.  It is a system of concepts, data formats and tools for the computer assisted transcription and annotation of spoken language, and for the construction and analysis of spoken language corpora. EXMARaLDA is developed in the project “Computer assisted methods for the creation and analysis of multilingual data” at the Collaborative Research Center “Multilingualism” (Sonderforschungsbereich “Mehrsprachigkeit” – SFB 538) at the University of Hamburg. All components of the EXMARaLDA system are freely available to users outside the SFB (Cross-platform, open source).

Tool Type

Speech Transcription

General Associations
annotation tool (9), bilingual data (1), coding (4), corpus (2), linguistic annotation (1), software (9), transcription (11)


EXMARaLDA is freeware.


  • XML based data formats – all EXMARaLDA data are stored in XML files. The use of this W3C standard ensures flexible usability and long-term archivability of the data
  • Java based tools – all software tools for creating and working with EXMARaLDA data (Partitur Editor, Corpus Manager and Query tool EXAKT) are JAVA applications. This makes them suitable for all currently used operating systems (Windows, Macintosh, Linux, Unix)
  • Interoperability – the EXMARaLDA concept is based on the annotation graph framework Bird/Liberman 2001 and thus aims at a maximal exchangeability and reusability of transcription data. Hence, it is possible to create and edit EXMARaLDA data not only with the system’s own tools, but also with other popular software (like Praat, ELAN or FOLKER
  • EXMARaLDA data can be transformed into a number of widely used presentation formats (RTF, HTML, PDF) for web-based or printed publication
  • EXMARaLDA supports several important transcription systems (HIAT, DIDA, GAT, CHAT) through a number of parameterised functions



Interface Languages
English (416)


Tool has no members.